Overview (Sociatal Application)
Earthquakes, tsunami, storms, cyclones, surges, floods, droughts, etc. cause significant losses in human lives and livelihoods. Increasing population and level of development put more elements at risk. The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami highlighted the massive losses that can be incurred in the absence of warning information. Cyclone Nargis revealed that, though warning information was available and provided more than 3 days ahead of its landfall, institutional and public responses to the warning were poor. Gaps in translating warning information into potential impacts and response options and subsequent use of these information in guiding response decisions, last mile warning communication, basic disaster management standards and practices at local level, public awareness of risks, and risk reduction measures add to capacity gaps in generating user-relevant warning information.